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Legal Requirements for Smoke Alarms in Queensland

Since 1 January 2017, Queensland has had new smoke alarm legislation in place, making Queensland dwellings the safest in Australia when it comes to fire safety. Additional smoke alarm requirements will be phased in over the coming years, ensuring even greater fire safety for Queenslanders.

What are my obligations under the Queensland government's new smoke alarm legislation?

All Queensland dwellings are affected by the new smoke alarm legislation. The compliance deadlines vary, however, depending on whether the property is rented or owner occupied.

Landlords and property managers

Landlords are responsible for:

  • Installing smoke alarms that are fully compliant with the Queensland smoke alarm laws that came into effect on 1 January 2017 (See here for a handy installation guide.) 
  • Replacing any existing smoke alarms that were manufactured more than 10 years ago
  • Replacing any smoke alarms that fail to operate when tested
  • Ensuring all replacement smoke alarms are photoelectric and compliant with Australian Standard 3786–2014.

As of 1 January 2022, when a new lease or lease renewal starts, landlords must make sure that the dwelling complies with the domestic smoke alarm legislation. In particular, landlords need to ensure interconnected photoelectric smoke alarms are installed in bedrooms and other required areas of the home.

Landlords should note that failure to comply with any of the new smoke alarm requirements in Queensland may result in their property becoming unrentable.


As of 1 January 2017, owner-occupiers must replace any smoke alarms that were manufactured over 10 years ago or smoke alarms that fail to operate when tested. The replacement must be a photoelectric smoke alarm (in compliance with Australian Standards (AS) 3786-2014).

For an existing hardwired smoke alarm, any replacement must be with a hardwired photoelectric smoke alarm and in Queensland you are required to use a licensed electrician to replace these.

From 1 January 2027, to meet smoke alarm compliance requirements in Queensland, owner-occupiers must have:

  • Photoelectric interconnected smoke alarms with either a non-removable 10-year battery-powered type alarm or a hardwired alarm
  • Smoke alarms in the required locations throughout the dwelling

Properties for sale

In order to sell a Queensland property, sellers must ensure all smoke alarms are fully compliant with the 1 January 2017 smoke alarm legislation. The requirements are the same as those described for landlords (see above).

New builds and major renovations

All new builds and substantial renovations must have smoke alarms that are:

  • Photoelectric (AS 3786-2014)
  • Hardwired to the domestic power supply with a backup battery power source
  • Interconnected with all other smoke alarms in the property to ensure simultaneous activation

If you need to upgrade your smoke alarms to ensure full compliance with Queensland's smoke alarm legislation, contact Evadare Smoke Alarms today. You can view our range of smoke alarms for domestic dwellings here. We look forward to making your property safer and in line with the law.

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